Application of spatio-temporal filtering for atrial activity waveforms enhancement
Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar
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In this paper, we propose to apply spatio-temporal filtering to atrial activity enhancement, prior to the detection of possible atrial arrhythmias. During normal sinus rhythm, the atrial activity is well synchronized with the ventricular one. The distances between ventricular QRS complexes and the preceding atrial P waves are approximately constant. However, during atrial arrhythmias such a synchronization does not exist. Although both atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) are also characterized by irregularity of RR intervals, nevertheless it is this lack of atrioventricular synchronization and the associated irregularity of atrial activity (AA) that is the most straightforward symptom of atrial arrhythmias. In AFL episodes, the atrial activity tends to be more regular, whereas in AF it is almost completely unpredictable. Our objective is to enhance this activity to facilitate discrimination between the two arrhythmias. Spatio-temporal filtering (STF) was developed for detection of fetal QRS complexes in an ECG signal recorded from the abdomen of a pregnant woman. The filter can easily be applied to enhance the P waves in regular ECG signals. In this paper, however, we modify the learning phase of STF, to make it useful also for enhancement of abnormal atrial activity. The STF ability to enhance the atrial flutter waves is presented. An algorithm is proposed that allows for simple but effective discrimination between the two types of atrial irregular activity: AFL and AF. Tested on a database containing the cases of both atrial arrhythmias, the algorithm allows for their almost faultless recognition. © 2019 Association for Computing Machinery.
This work was partially supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education Funding (BK-RAu-3/2018) and co-financed by the European Union through the European Social Fund (grant POWR.03.02.00-00-I029).
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