Backflow air and pressure analysis in emptying a pipeline containing an entrapped air pocket
Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar
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The prediction of the pressure inside the air pocket in water pipelines has been the topic for a lot of research works. Several aspects in this field have been discussed, such as the filling and the emptying procedures. The emptying process can affect the safety and the efficiency of water systems. Current research presents an analysis of the emptying process using experimental and computational results. The phenomenon is simulated using the two-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (2D CFD) and the one-dimensional mathematical (1D) models. A backflow air analysis is also provided based on CFD simulations. The developed models show good ability in the prediction of the sub-atmospheric pressure and the flow velocity in the system. In most of the cases, the 1D and 2D CFD models show similar performance in the prediction of the pressure and the velocity results. The backflow air development can be accurately explained using the CFD model. © 2018, © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
The authors acknowledge the support of the Civil Engineering, Research, and Innovation for Sustainability centre (CERIS) from Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Portugal, for providing the experimental apparatus and the financial support by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal. Also, the authors want to thank the project REDAWN (Reducing Energy Dependency in Atlantic Area Water Networks) EAPA_198/2016 from INTERREG ATLANTIC AREA PROGRAMME 2014–2020.
This work was supported by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal under grant number PD/BD/114459/2016.
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